It's normally assumed in most projections of a localized future (driven by disruption, expensive energy, etc.) that consumer products become very rare. Either they are too expensive (usually due to the vast expense globalized transport/delivery) or too infrequently available (due to disruptions) to support current lifestyles. However, in the longer term, that doesn't need to occur. In resilient communities that undergo the transition, a revolution in manufacturing currently underway (we are only at the very start of this journey) may provide a solution. What is it? Personal fabrication. It's a method of low cost and small scale production for anything from 3-D objects up to and including intelligent systems (it will get even more effective as the costs are driven down and capabilities increase in concert with Moore's Law). It has enormous promise and will likely provide a way for resilient communities to not only stay completely "modern," but even advance economically and in quality of life faster than communities dependent on traditional centralized sources of production.
I'm going to spend much more time exploring the limits and implications of this in the future (particularly in my upcoming book on the Resilient Community). In the interim, here's a broad/high level overview to get your head wrapped around the concept.
Personal fabrication is a method of manufacturing that has been recently popularized and accelerated by MIT (specifically MIT's Center for Bits and Atoms). Essentially, it takes rapid prototyping machines (which have been around since the early 90's) and combines them with easy to use design software to create a small local manufacturing shop that can produce a wide variety of original products. Here's an explanation of what personal fabrication is from the center's director, Neil Gershenfeld (read the entire article if you get a chance).
NOTE: Again, this has applicability to both development and counter-insurgency (although, over a longer time horizon). It also may be transformational in terms of warfare. Think DIY (do-it-yourself) weapons systems.
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