And politically, the guys in charge of the cow don’t want anybody inside the company competing with them: no new products, no new power centers, no one else to set strategy, no one else to use resources. They win because, of course, they’re the ones bringing in the cash. Nevermind that they’re the ones stopping the company from building for the future. They’ll tell you that’s not their job. They’re there to protect the cow.
New, less expensive but more effective programs don't get funding. They are below the radar of the big budget power brokers. One way to look at this is through economic ecosystems analysis. In this model, the DoD is a Landlord (an organization that sucks all the value out of an ecosystem). Landlords make niche creation impossible. Innovation is crushed.Landlord strategies work as long as external pressure is absent and the source of cash flow is not tied to results. However, change will come either through defeat or when the well runs dry. Personally, I would like to see the DoD and NASA adopt a Keystone strategy.
Keystones can increase ecosystem productivity by simplifying the complex task of connecting network participants to one another or by making the creation of new products by third parties more efficient. They can enhance ecosystem robustness by consistently incorporating technological innovations and by providing a reliable point of reference that helps participants respond to new and uncertain conditions. And they can encourage ecosystem niche creation by offering innovative technologies to a variety of third-party organizations. The keystone's importance to ecosystem health is such that, in many cases, its removal will lead to the catastrophic collapse of the entire system.