My big question is: can the government (NASA) build a dynamic platform for a space industry? Historically, it hasn't and that is the root of our current problem. What would need to happen to make NASA into a keystone species in a space industry ecosystem? Here are some ideas: Competitions. A repository for open source technology generated via competition. Acquisition and operation of launch facilities and launch/landing corridors (a regulatory intensive process). Basic science (always a government chore). Emergency recovery and monitoring (applicable to all players). Security (both physical and a means to acquire the necessary clearances to launch classified projects). A common communications network (to enable both global terrestrial and orbital communications). Safety inspections and flight regulations (like those mandated by the FAA).