Everyone seems to think it is a bad idea. That doesn't really matter, since it is one of the only ideas left. In essence, the idea is: scale the state down to a level where it aligns with primary loyalties and can create an acceptable level of efficiency in its problem solving. Additionally, within the context of warfare, mini states are much easier to deal with than virtual ones. Of course regional experts, particularly when they attempt to rise above their area of expertise into grand strategy, will disagree:
Cole: But aside from the selfish interests of all the political actors inside and outside Iraq, as a practical policy, partitioning Iraq is too risky. It would probably not reduce ethnic infighting. It might produce more. The mini-states that emerge from a partition will have plenty of reason to fight wars with one another, as India did with Pakistan in the 1940s and has done virtually ever since. Worse, it is likely that if the Sunni Arab mini-state commits an atrocity against the Shiites, it might well bring in the Iranian Revolutionary Guards. They in turn would be targeted by Saudi and Jordanian jihadi volunteers.